In a global capitalist economy, most people are ‘forced' to work to survive. Sex work is a typical informal economy job in that it does not benefit from legal protection through the state. It mainly employs women, often (undocumented) migrants and members of the LGBTQI community; entry requirements are low in terms of capital and professional qualifications, and skills needed for the job are often acquired outside of formal education. Many sex workers enter the sex industry as they are excluded from the formal economy or state benefits to achieve a decent standard of living. Many marginalised communities are over-represented in the sex industry: for example, trans women, whose unemployment rate is 4 times higher than the general population. The criminalisation of sex work only increases the precarity of most vulnerable sex workers, including trans people and undocumented migrants.
CONGRESS 2022 Gender Migration and Anti-racism Justice Health Labor and Social Protection Digital Rights Legal Reform Research: Accessing Justice
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