What do you propose instead of a punitive approach?

In order to reduce the harmful consequences of policies on marginalised communities, these communities facing intersectional discrimination need to be included in the policymaking. Regional, local and municipal protocols and policies need to be established in order to allow marginalised communities facing a higher prevalence of crime to participate in designing specific anti-violence programs that truly benefit their communities. Investment in community interventions and increased investments in harm reduction programs are needed. Moreover, states need to critically review policies, laws and by-laws that discourage victims of gender-based violence from reporting crimes committed against them. Such policies include: restrictive migration laws; laws such as those against ‘third parties’ (‘pimping laws’) that are routinely used against sex workers; vague public morality, nuisance, loitering, and decency laws disproportionately and subjectively applied against trans people, racial/ethnic minorities, sex workers and other marginalised groups.